YOUTH SCANNER: POLITICAL , ECONOMIC & SOCIAL REFORMS
By : Himadrish Suwan
Democracy is the buzz word for our political system. But is it really so? Is it democracy that a nation where a majority of population is below 40 elects a majority of people above 60 to power? Are we really satisfied with the way our country is being governed? Should it not bother us that at the age people generally take retirement and rest, our politicians actually become eligible to be at the helm of affairs? Why is it so that people below 50 years are considered as political ‘kids’?The country desperately needs some young leaders who personify energy, enthusiasm, morality, and diligence. No doubt we have progressed a lot in the last 62 years but the development pace would have been completely different had some young torch bearers led this process of development.At the time of independence, Gandhi called upon the youth to participate actively in the freedom movement. Young leaders likes Nehru came to his reckoning and led the movement. But this is not the case now. Nowadays we have only a handful of young leaders like Rahul Gandhi, Sachin Pilot, Varun Gandhi etc, but they are in the political scenario because they belong to influential political families. It is next to impossible to find a young leader with no political family background in the furor of politics. As said rightly “Youth is the future of a nation” .India needs massive political reforms to achieve full potential of its economic reforms to emerge as one of the three super economic power nations in the world by 2020-25. The present Indian policies are similar to cold war and non-aligned policies.The youth demands equality for all , education criteria for becoming a politician.If there is
no real qualification for the politicians then all who have low educational background will be inducted , join politics & this will spoil the image of the Indian politics all over the world.We have an hand span of educated & qualified leaders in our Lok Sabha & the Rajya Sabha & due to this the image of politics in the views on youth is negative.The upcoming youth who are the backbone of India never think of being a politician they will rather become a lawyer, join judiciary,medical,engineer this is due the black face of Indian politics.Even a child of 8 years know how our present political system is?When the youth thinks of the Indian Politics the words which comes forward are “corruption & illiterate people”.To curb this thinking among the youths an separate qualification should be made or an test should be conducted for induction in to the Politics.We have mixed politicians some are highly qualified holding degrees like L.L.M,Ph.D,Doctorate,Engineers or product of instiutions like IIT &IIM.But we also have politicians who are not even class tenth pass.Due to this the political system of India & its views is detereoting . India has a rich history of social reformers who have helped establish the foundations of modern India, and, in some cases, have affected a world wide impact through political action and philosophic teachings. Especially given India’s leaning towards oral and mythical rather than a written tradition throughout much of its history it is almost impossible to put together an exhaustive list of social reformers who have lived through the ages.Cast system is not only an evil of the ancient society but till today it is going on. It is also true that without the abolition of the cast system from our society, any kind of social development is impossible. The Indo-Aryan started to treat the native Indians as their ‘Das’ or servant. Such ‘Das’ are treated as the lowest class of the society. All of these differences were done mainly for their ‘colour’. Their position in society was very bad, even the Indo-Aryan males started to exploit the female ‘Das’ to satisfy their sexual desires. But, on the other side marriage between female Indo-Aryan and a male ‘Das’ was strictly prohibited. There was a continuous conflict between the Brahman and the Sudra kings due to many tyrannies suffered by the Brahmans. As a result of such hatred towards the Sudras, Brahmans refused to give them the right to wear the sacred thread, which is called Upanayana. This right was considered as one of the most important right as it gave the right to learn the Veda. After losing such right, the Sudras became the fourth class of the society. The Constitution of India plays a vital role in regulating the caste system in the Indian society. In one hand it tries its best to eliminate the inequalities on the basis of caste from the Indian society. But on the other hand it is quite unclear about the legal position with respect to the caste groups in Indian social life.Social reforms aimed at changing the social, political, or economic status of women in India were important both to British colonial rule and to nascent nationalist movements. Debates over practices such as widow immolation, widow remarriage, and child marriage, as well as those governing marriage and property within different religious communities, continued to exert profound influence on Indian society and politics throughout the 20th century. Finding solutions to the complex social, economic, infrastructural, political and poverty-related problems is indeed a great challenge. This challenge needs enormous energy, a fresh perspective, a grandiose vision and superhuman effort. How do we get to address the myriad problems facing us? What kind of reforms will bring in this much-needed change?Things do not seemed to have changed too much from the times of Swami Vivekananda. Looking at India’s condition prevalent at the time, Swamiji had made this response when he was asked what kind of social reform would change India, “I do not believe in reform; I believe in growth. I do not dare to put myself in the position of God and dictate to our society, ‘This way thou shouldst move and not that.’ My ideal is growth, expansion, development on national lines. Each individual has to work out his own salvation; there is no other way, and so also with nations. Until higher institutions have been evolved, any attempt to break the old ones will be disastrous. Growth is always gradual. Take man where he stands, and from there give him a lift.”Thus social improvements had been in the past made in India, and in modern times to effect such progressive reforms, we will have first to build up such an authoritative power. Kings have gone; the power is the people’s. We have, therefore, to wait till the people are educated, till they understand their needs and are ready and able to solve their problems. The tyranny of the minority is the worst tyranny in the world. Therefore, instead of frittering away our energies on ideal reforms, which will never become practical, we had better go to the root of the evil and make a legislative body, that is to say, educate our people, so that they may be able to solve their own problems. Until that is done all these ideal reforms will remain ideals only. The new order of things is the salvation of the people by the people, and it takes time to make it workable, especially in India, which has always in the past been governed by kings.” Thus India’s way of promoting reforms has had to be different. Getting any political backing for them has instead required a sharply slowing economy—growth is now down to nearer 5% a year, from a peak of 10%—investors who refuse to spend, a grim fiscal position and a host of other alarming economic signs. And rather than announce changes piecemeal, the government of Mr Singh has gone for a big bang, a rush of reforms. The political reaction could be severe: but his boldness is both welcome and overdue.The increasing Diesel cost , Petrol Cost,rising tution charges, educational fees,transportation& due to continuous inflation it has hindered meeting basic requirement of the youth & its lifestyle.The youth of India are called the leaders of tomorrow and termed as a crucial segment of the country today. However, the matter of the fact is that the “young India” is hardly cared for in our country. While the government ushers various reforms and measures to transform the economy of the country, the youth on the other hand yearns for a socially secure life and a celebration for its talent in India.The young generation slogs it out to earn handsome money and ends up paying umpteenth number of bills and taxes. Wealth and employment is all that’s on their mind, and some great man’s golden words were that the youth of today is the driving force of tomorrow. How can a youngster hope for a better tomorrow, when yesterday he had become a victim of a corrupted system? Being a part of the middle class India and also the youth of today, all I witness are youngsters under stress and dilemma for a better tomorrow.A twenty year old will always doubt its selection in a premier school of study. The number of seats is well below the expectations and the fight for the same leads to an ugly competition every year. It is during these times when the optimism of a young student is misplaced by the great Indian Education system. Affecting the country’s future, the India of the young still waits for the day when liberalization will finally take place for its own benefits.The lesson in India, such as with its reforms of 1991, is that it takes an economic crisis to get politicians to believe that economic reforms, and the pain of implementing them, are worthwhile. Mr Singh, at last, seems ready to have another go and to push changes now. For that he deserves applause, support and encouragement.Hope that the backbone of nation gets some mercy.